Prostatitis is inflammation or infection of the prostate gland is an organ about the size and shape of a walnut, located just below the bladder in males. The prostate gland produces semen, the fluid that helps nourish and transport sperm. Prostatitis can cause a variety of symptoms, including a frequent and urgent need to urinate and pain or burning when urinating which is often accompanied by pelvic, groin or low back pain. There can be four types of Prostatitis as acute bacterial prostatitis, chronic bacterial prostatitis, nonbacterial prostatitis also known as prostatodynia or chronic pelvic pain syndrome and last is asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis. The signs and symptoms vary depending on the various types of prostatitis.
Acute bacterial prostatitis:
- Fever and chills
- Pain in the prostate gland, lower back or groin
- Urinary problems, including increased urinary urgency, pain and frequency, and blood-tinged urine
- Painful ejaculation
Acute bacterial prostatitis is caused due to bacteria present in large intestine. Sometimes acute prostatitis starts in the prostate gland, and spreads from a bladder or urethral infection. Acute prostatitis requires prompt medical treatment.
Chronic bacterial prostatitis:
The symptoms are slow to develop and remain for longer period as compared to Acute Prostatitis.
- Increased frequency of urine
- Burning pain while passing urine (painful micturation)
- Pain in the lower abdomen
- Increased urge for urination at night
- Pain in the lumbar area (lower back) and genital area
- Difficulty in passing urine at the start, or slow urine flow
- Sometimes blood in semen or in urine
- Painful ejaculation
- Low grade fever
- Frequent urinary tract infection
Chronic bacterial prostatitis is seen after acute prostatitis when bacteria remain in the prostate. Other causes include use of catheter tubes used to drain the urinary bladder, direct injury to the urinary system or genital organ which is common in accidents occurring during bike riding or horseback riding. Chronic bacterial prostatitis can also result because of some infections in other parts of the body which acts as a source of the bacteria.
Chronic nonbacterial prostatitis (Prostatodynia):
The signs and symptoms of nonbacterial prostatitis are almost like chronic bacterial prostatitis, and the only difference could be absence of fever. We can differentiate on the basis of doing Urine test or Seminal fluid test for Culture and sensitivity. This test will determine weather there is any bacterial infection present or not.
There are no certain causes for chronic nonbacterial prostatitis. The probable causes are infectious agents which are hard to find under laboratory scan, a life style which involves lifting heavy weight, chronic cystitis, some physical activity like excessive bike riding, congenital urethral strictures. These are some of the hypotheses for the illness.
Prostatitis is not contagious and is not a sexually transmitted disease. Prostatitis is more common in younger age group as compared to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and Prostate cancer which is more common in elderly age group. Thereâ€™s no evidence that having acute or chronic prostatitis increases our risk of prostate cancer, but it may increase the level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in our bloodstream. PSA is a chemical substance produced by prostate gland in definite proportion. Increased levels of PSA in blood may be considered as positive signs of prostate cancer when it is present with other signs of prostate cancer. Prostatitis may cause difficulty in fertility due to inadequate transport of sperms.
Role of Homeopathy in Prostatitis:
In acute and chronic inflammation of Prostate homeopathy plays a role of reducing the swelling and give relief in symptoms of prostatitis like pain and burning in urine, difficulty in passing urine. Although homeopathy doesnâ€™t work as antibiotics work to kill the bacteria but homeopathy uses bodyâ€™s own immune system to eliminate such bacteria. Homeopathy works directly on the bodyâ€™s immune system. After homeopathic treatment our bodyâ€™s immune system becomes stronger and gives protection against opportunistic illnesses. There by homeopathic treatment makes the body stronger and healthy for longer period of time.