Diabetes-Mellitus-II, once known as adult-onset or noninsulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition that affects the way our body digests sugar (glucose), which is our body's main source of fuel. Type 2 diabetes is often preventable, but the condition is on the rise â€" fueled largely by the current obesity epidemic.
When we have type 2 diabetes, our body is resistant to the effects of insulin â€" a hormone that regulates the absorption of sugar into our cells or our body produces some, but not enough, insulin to maintain a normal glucose level. If left uncontrolled, the consequences of type 2 diabetes can be life-threatening. Type 1 diabetes is a similar, although much less common, condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin.
There's no cure for type 2 diabetes, but there's plenty we can do to manage â€" or prevent â€" the condition. Start by eating healthy foods, including physical activity in our daily routine and maintaining a healthy weight. If diet and exercise aren't enough, we may need diabetes medications or insulin therapy to manage the blood sugar.
The common symptoms of type 2 diabetes are as follows:
Type 2 diabetes symptoms may seem harmless at first. In fact, you can have type 2 diabetes for years and not even know it. Look for:
Glucose is a main source of energy for the cells that make up our muscles and other tissues. There are two major sources of glucose. The food we eat and our liver. During digestion, sugar is absorbed into the bloodstream. Normally, sugar then enters cells with the help of insulin. The hormone insulin comes from the pancreas, a gland located just behind the stomach. When we eat, our pancreas secretes insulin into our bloodstream. As insulin circulates, it acts like a key which opens doors for sugar which is circulating in bloodstream to enter cells of the body. Insulin lowers the amount of sugar in the bloodstream. As the blood sugar level drops, so does the secretion of insulin from the pancreas. Our liver acts as glucose storage and produces glucose. When our insulin levels are low and when we haven't eaten for a while, the liver releases the stored glucose to keep our glucose level within a normal range. This is the reason why we can stay without food for few hours.
In type 2 diabetes, this process works improperly. Instead of moving into your cells, sugar builds up in your bloodstream. This occurs when your pancreas doesn't make enough insulin or your cells become resistant to the action of insulin. Exactly why this happens is uncertain, although excess fat especially abdominal fat and inactivity seem to be important factors.
Healthy lifestyle choices can help us prevent type 2 diabetes. Even if diabetes runs in our family, diet and exercise can help us prevent the disease. And if we are already been diagnosed with diabetes, the same healthy lifestyle choices can help us prevent potentially serious complications.
Type 2 diabetes is a serious disease. Following the diabetes treatment plan takes round-the-clock commitment. But in the end the efforts taken are worthwhile. Careful management of type 2 diabetes can reduce the risk of serious and even life-threatening complications.
Role of Homeopathy in the management of type 2 diabetes is more preventive than curative. Homeopathy can elevate bodyâ€™s defense mechanism which can reduce personâ€™s susceptibility to opportunistic illnesses and infections which usually is the case with people whose blood sugar levels are always above normal. Constitutional homeopathic treatment can enhance the diabetes control when used with conventional diabetic treatment of insulin injection and other oral hypoglycemic drugs. Homeopathy thus helps in reducing the required dose of insulin or oral hypoglycemic drugs. Homeopathy helps in improving general condition and achieving better emotional balance in patients suffering from type 2 diabetes. Homeopathy therefore helps in better adaptation to the illness as well as improves quality of life. Type 2 diabetes is not a curable illness but achieving a good control over the levels of blood sugar, ability to restrict the secondary complication to minimum and achieving good emotional balance can be considered as significant achievement in it self. Homeopathy has a very vital role to play in achieving these goals when it is used as complementary treatment along with conventional treatment for type 2 diabetes. Need for diabetic diet and regular exercise can not be ruled out at any point of time for each and every case of type 2 diabetes with whatever treatment modality used.